At the International CCS Knowledge Centre (Knowledge Centre) our areas of focus are large-scale applications of CCS on industrial applications (ie: steel and cement) and thermal power plants (ie; natural gas and coal) while optimizing the use of carbon capture and storage (CCS) through cost reduction initiatives and technological advancements.

Our end goal is mitigating greenhouse emissions and supporting nations to do so through the deployment of large-scale CCS. We agree with the United Nations Intergovermental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the International Energy Agency (IEA) that to meet global climate change goals, broad deployment of large-scale CCS is urgently needed.

Drawing on our experience and expertise, we know what works.  Just as vital, we know what doesn’t work – we can help prevent detours, delays and miscalculations. Through learning and application, we have adapted and expanded our knowledge. This is what we want to share with the CCS decision makers and deployers throughout the world.

With the fundamental drivers of CCS at the forefront, we support and accelerate CCS deployment in three primary ways: 

1. experienced-based advice to veritably deploy CCS through the practical application of the technology. (Experienced Based Application)

2. engagement and education with stakeholders and decision makers, providing information to better inform and de-risk investments. (Stakeholder Engagement & Support)

3. addressing and resolving of known technical issues (Optimization)

Supporting Your CCS Success

We support large-scale CCS projects at all stages of deployment whether it is from beginning at the concept stage, through the regional specific operating environment, (such as policy, regulatory, financing) or in the feasibility design through business case to construction, operation and optimization.

As seen in this chart, the three areas of support (1-Stakeholder Engagement & Support, 2-Application, 3-Optimization) provided by the Knowledge Centre carry throughout the duration of a project’s lifecycle:


Engage Early

While we welcome engaging with us at any stage in the CCS process, early engagement is vital. Through involvement at later-stage of projects, we’ve come across unfortunate and costly miscalculations – therefore we encourage early engagement with our experience-based team. It will save delays and detours as well as unnecessary financial disbursements.


Stakeholder Engagement & Support

CCS projects have their complexities. We can help you navigate the path to success.  Though each region is different, the fundamental drivers that impact the advancement and success of CCS projects around the world include, but are not limited to:

  • Economic realities
  • Energy mixes
  • Proximity to storage or EOR (enhanced oil recovery) sites
  • Incentive or regulation governance – policy to support projects

We support the fundamental drivers of CCS projects through our suite of advisory services:

  • Strategic advisor respecting funders and decision makers;
  • De-risking investment for institutions financing CCS projects;
  • Supporting statutory considerations using CCS as a policy tool for GHG abatement;
  • Agency-level advisory services to boards and working groups; and,
  • Building capacity for CCS implementation via demonstration, training, knowledge sharing.



Experience-Based CCS Services

The Knowledge Centre offers experience-based technical services that can encompass advisory and/or delivery level of services including:

  • Pre-Feasibility and Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) Studies:
  • Business case development, quantifying domestic economic opportunities, and providing a macro economic impact analysis;
  • Analysis on scale of impact respecting emission reductions, industry size, re-use applicability; and
  • Planning including project timeline and next steps including resource requirements.


Technology advancement continues to contribute to reduce each of the primary barriers for the deployment of CCS. 

One of the key factors of bringing down costs of CCS is not necessarily to work on new technologies, but to determine how to improve and lower the costs of existing technologies and processes.  This is where tested science and engineering works. 

We collaborate to assist in the actual implementation of CCS projects and to optimize CCS technology which, together lowers both capital and operating costs of CCS.

For example, with our recent work in advancement from first generation to second generation has been substantial for not only coal-fired energy applications, but the application and learnings are transferrable to industrial sources. 

Optimization is Continuous

Optimization operates as continuous feedback loop – where learnings inform innovation and design into existing or projects underway as well as for future generations in the technology. The results from the Shand CCS Feasibility Study are very favourable, and yet there are areas where that continue to realize improvements and mitigate the risks that may still be inherent. This is our expertise. The next areas of optimization for the Knowledge Centre will focus on further reductions in both cost and risks for:

  • Capital Costs
  • Amine Improvements

AMINE IMPROVEMENTS IN Post-combustion capture

Improving efficiency is a key factor in ongoing process optimization of the energy-intensive process of CCS. Amine health and maintainability are a critical factor in the economics of operating post-combustion capture (PCC) amine technology. Standardized amine testing to eleiminate CCS barriers may offer further advancement in the technology. 

The path of carbon dioxide (CO2) through the amine-based capture process is an important component of optimizing CCS. The schematic below illustrates the path of CO2 through the amine-based capture process.

(1) Flue gas containing about 3-22% carbon dioxide (CO2) is diverted from the Flue Gas Stack to the CO2 Capture System.
(2) Flue Gas Pre-Treatment: Flue gas containing CO2 is pre-treated to the conditions appropriate for CO2 capture. 
(3) The flue gas is then sent to a large vessel called a CO2 Absorber. To increase the contact between solvent and flue gas the absorber is filled with layers of structured metal packing that is continuous to the sides of the unit (like a metal sponge).
(4) A chemical solvent (called amine) that targets the CO2 gas, is showered into the vessel.
(5) As the flue gas rises, the amine reacts with the CO2 absorbing the gas into its solvent before accumulating in the bottom of the vessel. At this point the amine solution is referred to as "rich."
(6) The amine containing CO2 is then showered into a CO2 Stripper, which is a vessel that heats the solvent to release CO2 back into a gas.
(7) The amine that is stripped of CO2 (referred to as "lean" amine" is recycled back into the absorber to repeat the process and capture more CO2
(8) The CO2 gas is sent to a Compressor and Dehydration Unit where it is compressed into a liquid, dense phase, or supercritical state.
(9) These large volumes of compressed CO2 are transported by pipeline, truck, or ship to be permanently stored through Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) or other methods. 


Reach out to us

Where is your organization on the path to CCS? Let us help you: contact us.