Publications

INTERNATIONAL CCS KNOWLEDGE CENTRE PUBLICATIONS

The cost reduction potential for CCUS at coal-fired power plants, November 2019 
Authors: International CCS Knowledge Centre & Coal Industry Advisory Board (CIAB) 

The 2015 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Paris Agreement limits the increase in global average temperature rise to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels. To meet this target, large-scale, emissions-intensive, industrial and power generation processes must be significantly decarbonized. Reductions of this magnitude cannot be achieved without accelerated progress in the commercial-scale deployment of carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) across a wide variety of applications. Authored by the International CCS Knowledge Centre in conjunction with and the Coal Industry Advisory Board (CIAB) -  an associated board to the International Energy Agency (IEA) - this report documents encouraging improvements and learnings from first-mover projects that result in cost savings strategies for subsequent CCUS projects.

Heat integration analysis and optimization for post combustion CO2 capture retrofit study of SaskPower’s Shand Power Station, May 2019
Authors:  Stavroula Giannaris, Brent Jacobs, Wayuta Srisang, Corwyn Bruce, Dominika Janowczyk
The International CCS Knowledge Centre
Publication: International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 84 (2019) 62-71
Post-combustion CO2 capture processes require thermal energy (from steam) for amine regeneration. In coalfired power stations, steam can be extracted from within the steam cycle – resulting in a power production penalty. Heat integration is the study of minimizing energy consumption while maximizing heat recovery; required for successful CCS retrofits. In October 2014, the world’s first fully integrated carbon capture facility, SaskPower’s Boundary Dam Unit 3 (BD3), went on line. Various modifications to the turbine and feed heating system at BD3 contributed greatly to overall project costs. Novel heat integration strategies can reduce these costs. SaskPower’s Shand Power Station (Shand) is a 305 MW, single unit, subcritical, lignite coal-fired power plant producing approximately 1100 kg of CO2/MWh. Shand’s capacity is twice that of BD3’s - an ideal candidate for a CCS scale-up project. Using the design of the BD3 facility as a basis, heat integration analysis of the existing steam cycle at Shand was conducted using GateCycle™ with aims to minimize costly modifications to the feed heating system. 

Heat rejection design  for zero liquid discharge Shand coal-fired powerstation integrated with CO2 capture and storage, March 2019
Authors:  Stavroula Giannaris, Brent Jacobs, Wayuta Srisang, Corwyn Bruce, Dominika Janowczyk
The International CCS Knowledge Centre
PublicationInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 82 (2019) 86-97 

The integration of CCS to a coal-fired power plant not only results in the increase in water consumption and cooling duty, but also additional water discharge especially from cooling the flue gas to the much lower temperature required for the CO2 capture process. This paper presents the design of a heat rejection system for the Shand Power Station that maintains a neutral liquid impact on the existing plant while adding SO2 and CO2 capture processes. Moreover, the effect of temperatures throughout the year on heat rejection load and power consumption is investigated. 

The Shand CCS Feasibility Study Public Report, November 2018  
Summary for Decision Makers on Second Generation CCS (English)
Summary for Decision Makers on Second Generation CCS (Chinese)
Frequently Asked Questions

Author: International CCS Knowledge Centre 

The International CCS Knowledge Centre experts spearheaded a feasibility study to retrofit SaskPower’s Shand Power Station, (Shand) a 300 – MW, single unit, coal-fired power plant that has double the capacity of Boundary Dam 3 CCS Facility (BD3) with a large-scale, CCS facility. 

IEAGHG Publication, Integrated Carbon Capture and Storage Project at SaskPower's Boundary Dam Power Station 2015/06, August 2015 (English)
国际能源署温室气体研发项目执行机构(IEAGHG)出版物:“萨斯喀电力边界坝电站碳捕集与封存一 体化项目”,2015/06, 2015年8月' (Chinese) 

Authors:  IEAGHG; International CCS Knowledge Centre

On October 2, 2014, the first-ever, commercial-scale, coal-fired power plant incorporating amine solvent absorption carbon capture began operation near Estevan, Saskatchewan, Canada. This was a global landmark event. Although carbon capture technologies had been pilot tested prior to this, a commercial-scale power plant now exists that has demonstrated that a number of high-risk technology and business issues have been overcome. This report summarizes e experience and learnings of SaskPower in a way that will hopefully provide insight to other clean-coal initiatives.

 

EXTERNAL PUBLICATIONS ON CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE (CCS)

GCCSI, 2019 - Global Status of CCS, December 2019
Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute (GCCSI)
IPCC, 2018 - Summary for Policymakers In: Global Warming of 1.5 oC (Revised Jan 2019)
IPCC, 2015 - Climate Change 2014 Synthesis Report (SYR) - Fifth Assessment Report (AR5)
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
IEA, 2019 - Putting CO2 to Use: Creating Value from Emissions, Sep 2019
IEA, 2019 - Transforming Industry Through CCUS, May 2019 
International Energy Association (IEA)
CICERO, 2018 - Global CO2 emissions from cement production, Jan 2018
CICERO Center for International Climate ResearchEarth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 195–217, 2018
OECD/IEA, 2017 - (Slides) Energy Technology Perspectives: Catalysing Energy Technology Transformations, July 2017 
OECD/IEA, 2017 - Energy Technology Perspectives: Catalysing Energy Technology Transformations, June 2017
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD); International Energy Association (IEA)
CSLF, 2017 - Technology Roadmap - Carbon Sequestration Leadership, 2017 
Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF)
PTRC; GCCSI,  2014 - What Happens When CO2 is Stored Underground? Q&A from the IEAGHG Weyburn-Midale CO2 Monitoring and Storage Project, 2014
Petroleum Technology Research Centre (PTRC)Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute (GCCSI)
OECD/IEA, 2013 - Technology Roadmap - Carbon Capture and Storage, July 2013, OECD/IEA
IEA/UNIDO, 2011 - Technology Roadmap - CCS in Industrial Applications, Sep 2011 
International Energy Association (IEA); United Nations International Development Organization (UNIDO)
OECD/IEA, 2010 - (Foldout) Technology Roadmap (Foldout) - Carbon Capture and Storage, 2010
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)International Energy Association (IEA)
OECD/IEA, 2009 - Technology Roadmap - Carbon Capture and Storage, Dec 2009
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)International Energy Association (IEA)
OECD/IEA, 2009 - (Slides) Technology Roadmap (Slides) - Carbon Capture and Storage, Dec 2009
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)International Energy Association (IEA)
PTRC,  2004 - IEA GHG Weyburn CO2 Monitoring & Storage Project Summary Report 2000-2004
Petroleum Technology Research Centre (PTRC)